California has more than 30 major workforce education and training programs administered across nine state agencies. Click on an agency to see its programs.
|Apportionments for workforce education and training
|Ongoing Proposition 98 funds allocated to community college districts for credit and noncredit courses in basic skills, English as a second language (ESL), and short-term career technical education (CTE). Workforce education and training comprises about one-fifth of CCC apportionment funding.
|CCC student services for CalWORKs recipients
|Ongoing Proposition 98 funding and federal TANF funding for community colleges to provide child care, work study, and job placement services to students receiving CalWORKs assistance. (CalWORKs provides cash aid and services to low-income individuals and families.) The CCC Chancellor's Office distributes funding to colleges based on enrolled CalWORKs recipients.
|Economic and Workforce Development Program
|Ongoing Proposition 98 funding to help community colleges identify regional workforce education and training needs. Designed to meet identified needs in collaboration with (1) employers; (2) two advisory committees representing colleges and industry; and (3) business, industry, and economic development partners.
|Nursing program support
|Ongoing Proposition 98 funding for community colleges to increase the number of nursing program graduates. The CCC Chancellor's Office allocates a portion of funds as a per-student supplement to expand or maintain capacity, improve student readiness for courses, help students prepare for national licensing exam, and provide faculty professional development. Chancellor's Office allocates another portion as a fixed amount for student assessment and retention activities.
|Core Training Program
|Ongoing non-Proposition 98 General Fund to provide education and training services to Corps members, including high school diploma and GED, technical skills, career guidance, and job search assistance.
|Ongoing special funds from the Clean Energy Job Creation Fund (Proposition 39) to train Corps members to assist California schools in becoming more energy efficient. Corps members collect information at schools to help complete energy-efficiency plans and assist schools and other agencies in making corresponding changes, such as converting to more energy-efficient lighting.
|Office of Correctional Education programs
|Ongoing non-Proposition 98 General Fund to provide academic and CTE programs to incarcerated adults at adult state prisons. Overall objective is to reduce recidivism. Prisons offer basic skills, CTE, and high school diploma and equivalency programs.
|Office of Offender Services workforce programs
|Primarily ongoing non-Proposition 98 General Fund to support various programs that prepare offenders for release and provide employment preparation, transitional employment, and job placement assistance upon release. The in-prison Transitions Program provides a curriculum for offenders on how to get and retain a job as well as information about services offered at America's Job Centers of California. Reentry programs include (1) the CalTrans Parolee Work Crew Program (overseen by CDCR and CalTrans) that hires parolees to clear litter from roadways, and (2) the Female Offender Treatment and Employment Program that provides CTE training and employment services to female offenders.
|Adults in Correctional Facilities (Jail Ed)
|Proposition 98 reimbursement to county offices of education (COEs) and school districts that provide educational programs to inmates at county jail facilities. Coursework varies and the state does not track participation by subject area. Providers create memoranda of understanding with jails and apply to CDE to receive funding based on average daily attendance.
|Agriculture Incentive Grants
|Ongoing Proposition 98 funding for high schools to support nonsalary agricultural education costs. Funds are commonly used to purchase equipment and pay for student field trips. Requires local match.
|California Partnership Academies
|Ongoing Proposition 98 funding to high schools to operate small learning communities that integrate a career theme with academic education in grades 10 through 12. Conditions of funding include a private sector match, an internship or work experience for students, and a common planning period for academy teachers.
|CDE student services for CalWORKs recipients
|Ongoing Proposition 98 and federal TANF funding for adult education programs and Regional Occupational Centers and Programs (ROCP) to provide adult education and training that leads to employment for students receiving CalWORKs assistance. CDE distributes funding to providers based on enrolled CalWORKs recipients.
|CTE Incentive Grants
|Proposition 98 funding for a three-year competitive grant program to support CTE. School districts, COEs, charter schools, and joint powers agencies (JPAs) may apply. Applicants that do not currently operate CTE programs, regions with high dropout rates, and rural areas receive funding priority. Requires a local match and ongoing commitment to fund programs after grant sunsets.
|Local Control Funding Formula (LCFF) add-on for workforce education and training
|Ongoing Proposition 98 funding for a 2.6 percent LCFF add-on to the base rate for high school students. Some combination of base and add-on funds is intended to support the costs of offering CTE instruction. The add-on originally was calculated to reflect ROCP funding. (Districts also have discretion to use LCFF funds to support adult education.)
|Ongoing Proposition 98 funding for pre-employment training and employment placement for high school students in special education. Students are placed in employment and the program fully subsidizes their wages until they complete high school or turn 22 years old.
|Regional Occupational Centers and Programs
|Education agencies may choose to use their general purpose Proposition 98 funding for regionally focused CTE at high schools and regional centers. (Prior to 2013-14, the state funded ROCP through a categorical program.) Primarily serves high school students ages 16 through 18, though adults also enroll.
|Specialized Secondary Programs
|Ongoing Proposition 98 funding for short-term competitive grants for school districts to pilot programs that prepare students for college and careers in specialized fields. Ongoing Proposition 98 funding also supports two high schools specializing in math, science, and the arts.
|Youth Career Connect
|Federal one-time competitive grants to improve career options for high school students by facilitating partnerships among businesses, high schools, and colleges. Grantees must scale up evidence-based high school models such as work-based learning and dual enrollment. Requires local match.
|Adult Education Block Grant
|Ongoing Proposition 98 funding allocated by the CCC Chancellor's Office to regional consortia of community colleges, schools districts, COEs, and JPAs. Consortia may offer adult education in seven areas of instruction: basic skills, CTE, ESL and citizenship, programs for adults with disabilities, workforce programs for older adults, caregiving programs for older adults, and pre-apprenticeship programs. Funding is based on consortia's prior-year funding, performance, and regional need.
|Adult Education and Family Literacy Program
|Ongoing federal Workforce Investment Opportunity Act (WIOA) Title II funding allocated by CDE to numerous adult education providers, including adult schools, community colleges, libraries, and community-based organizations. CDE distributes funding based on student learning gains and other outcomes.
|Ongoing Proposition 98 funding allocated by the CCC Chancellor's Office to schools and community colleges to help support the classroom instruction component of apprenticeship training. Apprenticeships are paid, educational work programs that pair students with skilled workers for supervised, hands-on learning, typically in the skilled trades. Apprenticeships last from two to six years and commonly are sponsored by businesses or labor unions that help design and support the programs and recruit apprentices.
|Career Pathways Trust
|One-time Proposition 98 funding for two rounds of competitive grants administered by CDE. Grants fund regional consortia of schools and community colleges partnering with local businesses to improve linkages between CTE programs and local workforce needs. Authorizes several types of activities, such as creating new CTE pathways, articulation agreements, and curriculum. Requires local match.
|Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act Program
|Ongoing federal funding allocated by CDE to schools, community colleges, and correctional facilities. May be used for a number of CTE purposes, including curriculum and professional development and the purchase of equipment and supplies for the classroom. Of these monies, 85 percent directly funds local CTE programs and the other 15 percent supports statewide administration and leadership activities, such as support for CTE student organizations.
|CTE Pathways Program
|Limited-term Proposition 98 funding (partly from the Quality Education Investment Act) administered by the CCC Chancellor's Office to improve linkages among CTE programs at schools, community colleges, universities, and local businesses. Program has funded various activities, including developing CTE courses that meet college acceptance requirements, supporting CTE student organizations, and supplementing some related CTE programs, including the California Partnership Academies. Funding renewed annually since 2005. Scheduled to sunset June 30, 2016.
|Ongoing federal WIOA Title IV funding (and some state General Fund) to provide vocational rehabilitation services for adults and youth with disabilities, including employment, education, and job placement assistance. Funds career assessment and counseling, job search and interview skills training, career training, and assistive technology such as hearing aids.
|CalFresh Employment and Training Program
|Ongoing federal Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program funding, with a county match, to operate employment and training programs for CalFresh recipients in select counties. (CalFresh provides federally funded food assistance to low-income individuals and families.) Services are generally similar to CalWORKs services. Locally administered by county human services departments.
|CalWORKs employment and training services
|Ongoing federal TANF funding, state funding, and county funding for employment services for very low-income families with children on CalWORKs. Services include job search assistance, mental health and substance abuse treatment, referrals to education and training, and on-the-job training. Locally administered by county human services departments.
|Adult, Youth, and Dislocated Worker Services
|Ongoing federal WIOA Title I funding for America's Job Centers of California (formerly known as OneStops). These centers provide workforce information, resources, and employment services to adults, youth, and dislocated workers. Services include job search assistance, career assessment, career counseling, on-the-job training, and adult education and training. Funds also support education and job programs, including YouthBuild and Job Corps, for disengaged youth ages 16-24.
|Employment Training Panel
|Reimbursements from the state Employment Training Tax to support retraining programs for current employees and companies facing out-of-state competition, training programs for recipients of unemployment benefits, and training programs for employers that meet certain criteria, such as those required to pay wages above the state average.
|Proposition 39 pre-apprenticeship support, training, and placement
|Special funds from the Clean Energy Job Creation Fund for competitive grants to regional workforce partners to implement and support "green" pre-apprenticeships that lead to industry‐valued credentials, entry into apprenticeship, or direct employment in the energy-efficiency workforce. Funds may be used to provide training, support services, and job placement assistance.
|Regional Workforce Accelerator Program
|Discretionary federal WIOA Title I funds to provide competitive grants to regional workforce partners that use innovative strategies to address gaps in education and workforce, with the goal of replicating and applying the strategies to other regions of the state.
|Discretionary federal WIOA Title I funds to provide competitive grants to regional workforce partners to support alignment of job seekers and market demand. Grantees must submit a plan that identifies a workforce challenge in the region and a strategy to address it. Requires local match.
|Jobs for Veterans State Grant
|Ongoing federal WIOA Title I to provide workforce services to veterans at America’s Job Centers of California. Services include assessments of education, skills, and abilities; career planning; and work-readiness skills training. Funding distributed based on the number of veterans seeking employment.
|Wagner-Peyser Employment Services
|Ongoing federal WIOA Title III funding to provide services to connect job seekers with available positions in the labor market. EDD works with employers to list job openings on an open online database known as CalJOBS.
|Investing in California Communities through Building Energy Efficiency workforce development program
|Funds collected through the state Electric Program Investment Charge, an electricity and ratepayer surcharge established by the California Public Utilities Commission. The California Energy Commission allocates funds via competitive grants to any entity except publicly owned utilities to provide workforce training in making buildings more energy efficient. Requires local match.
|Offender Development programs
|Funds collected through the sale of CalPIA inmate-produced goods support inmate CTE and employability programs. CalPIA partners with trade unions to provide CTE to inmates and operates the Inmate Employability Program, which requires CalPIA factory supervisors to help inmates develop work habits and job application materials, such as portfolios.