In 2005 the Department of Finance (DOF) began an information technology (IT) project to replace the state’s budget system. After interview­ing departments’ financial staff, DOF has concluded the project needs to be expanded because most state department automated financial systems are old and do not support modern financial reporting requirements. The Governor’s budget proposes a $1.3 billion IT project over the next decade to develop a statewide financial system that would be used by all departments. Our analysis discusses the primary components of this project proposal, key issues the Legislature should consider in evaluating the project, and recommends additional oversight tools if the Legislature decides the project should go forward.