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Who is in prison?

Demographics of the Prison Population

2013

Prison Population

California Adult Population

Total Population

134,339

29,132,716

Gender

Male

95%

49%

Female

5

51

Ethnicity

Black

29%

6%

Hispanic

41

35

White

22

43

Other

8

17

Age

18-19

1%

4%

20-29

27

20

30-39

29

18

40-49

23

18

50-59

15

17

60 and older

6

23

Details may not total due to rounding.

  • The vast majority of the state prison population is male. Blacks and Hispanic males comprise 70 percent of inmates. Most inmates are between age 20 and 39 years of age.

  • By comparison, the California population has significantly higher percentages of women, whites, and older individuals than are in prison.

  • During the past 20 years, the share of inmates who are Hispanic has increased by about 22 percent, while the share that is white or black has decreased. Over this period, the share of inmates age 50 or older increased by 400 percent. The gender distribution of the prison population has relatively remained stable.

  • For more information on the inmate population, see the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation’s Prison Census Report.


Last Updated: January 2017