Legislative Analyst's Office, December 2002
California's Economy and
Budget in Perspective
2002 Cal Facts
Part 6: Resources
Population Centers Rely Heavily On Water Imported From Other Regions of the State
- Four of the state's ten water
basins depend significantly on water imported from other regions
of the state. These four basins, which are largely urbanized
and/or agricultural regions in the central and coastal parts of the
state, account for almost half of urban and agricultural water
- As the state's water supply largely originates in its northern
region, extensive surface water projects (dams, reservoirs, and
aqueducts) have been built, supplying about 68 percent of statewide
urban and agricultural water use.
State Failing Ozone Standard, But
Air Quality Improving in Most Regions
- Although ozone
concentrations (a key component of smog) have decreased in most air basins
since 1990 reflecting increasingly stringent air pollution
controls, most of the state did not attain the state's air quality standard
for ozone in 2000. Ozone levels and progress made to improve
air quality vary regionally.
Per Capita Electricity Consumption
Projected to Increase
- Per capita electricity
consumption declined dramatically in 2001 due to conservation and
price increases, as well as a general slowdown in the economy.
Per capita consumption of electricity is projected to increase, but
should remain significantly below the nationwide
averagecurrently over 10 megawatt-hours
(MWh) per person annually.
- Total electricity consumption is also projected to increase,
growing an average of 2.6 percent annually over the next eight years
due mainly to population growth and a projected economic recovery.
Wildland Fire Is a Particular Risk In Many Areasa
- A significant portion of the
state is at risk from wildland fire. This includes about five million
acres that are of special concern due to the presence of structures,
a history of fire, and conditions on the ground favorable to
wildland fire (vegetation, slope, and forest health).
- Areas of special concern are scattered throughout the
state, with concentrations in the populated areas around the
coastal and interior ranges of Southern California, the
hillsides surrounding the San Francisco Bay, and the foothills of the
- Wildland fire protection in a majority of these areas is a
joint state and local responsibility.
aAreas characterized by a history of fire, conditions on the ground favorable
to wildland fire, and the presence of structures.
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